It starts in less than a year. But what do you need to know about this calling system that will make the difference between life and death on the streets? Technologies, regulation and challenge. And the roadmap 2017-2018
It will start on March 31, 2018: from that point on, all newly registered cars will have the obligation of eCall on board, the automatic emergency call system that is activated only in the event of an accident, which can automatically send A rescue signal to the unified emergency number 112.
The infrastructure on which the eCall system is based should, however, be operational by October 1, 2017. The deadline is near but what has been done?
- Toward the deployment of eCall: the I_HeERO project
In the new programming 2014-2020, the European Commission has included in the CEF ( Connecting Europe Facility – a financial instrument for improving European networks in the transport, energy and telecommunications sectors) the possibility of launching a new initiative on open eCall To all Member States.
In the wake of previous HeERO1 and HeERO2 projects, 12 Member States and 61 private partners have decided to submit a new project, called I_HeERO (also known as HeERO3). This project was approved by the evaluation body for a total duration of 2 years, ie until the end of 2017.
Italy also participates in this project with a consortium of 12 partners. The main objective of the project is to validate a template architecture for receiving eCall calls and the transmission of information to the local public answering security point (PASP ). This model can therefore be adopted for the deployment of the eCall service in the national public emergency system.
The experience gained and the positive results achieved in the previous HeERO1 (2010-2013) project seem to support the design of a single-level, eCall-enabled PSAP (except for backup duplication or traffic balancing ), in a position, downstream of the reception of the information contained in the MSD ( Minimum Set of Data ), to transmit the “contact card” to the PSAP 2nd level closest to the place where the accident occurred and transferring the call to voice.
In this perspective I_HeERO will be tested for integration between VaresePSAP (1st level PSAP already enabled for eCall with HeERO1 project) and Trento (which will act both as PSAP of the 1st level and as PSAP of 2 level). Particular attention is therefore given to the I_HeERO project for data integration, both at the level of automatic exchange protocols and at the level of common organizational models shared between PSAPs and not only.
Regarding the issue of data integration, the possibility of receiving eCall-enabled e-level PSAP, communications provided not only by other police forces, such as, for example, municipal police, but also by private companies that provide services similar all’eCall (such as TSP – Third party service providers ), by creating a common interface and shared between PSAPs and TSP to facilitate and make more efficient the management of emergencies , Both in terms of quality and intervention timing, entrusting, for example, to TSPs the task of filtering false calls or making mistakes.
As so far described, eCall-enabled e-mail PSAP has the ability to transmit the received information (or from the “eCall” or TSP) to the second-level PSAP territorial (that is, Closer to the point of the incident) through the VPN ( Virtual Public Network ) of emergencies for the “data” component. There is, however, for the “voice” section the need to enable eCall-enabled e-level PSAP to transfer the call to all 2nd level PSAPs operating on a national scale, which means availability / constitution Of a contact database, in addition to the definition of the rules of engagement between the TSPs and the 1st level PSAPs.
With the European project I_Hero one is placed, also , the aim of extending the ‘ eCall system to heavy vehicles and two-wheelers and to evaluate the interaction with logistics platforms and those of communication infrastructures that enable the exchange of data and Information between vehicles (V2V) and between vehicles and their infrastructure (V2I). These are “cooperative” systems, already on the A22, ie the Brenner motorway, where the experimental test takes place, used and usable not only for preventive road safety and traffic efficiency, especially in adverse weather conditions , But also to assess the state of the road infrastructure,
From a merely connected vehicle, it is projected towards a cooperative vehicle,where the car becomes a sensor and source of traffic and security information, operating on a “open and integrated” telematic platform, where the on-board device implementing The eCall can be used to enable other value-added services in the spirit of the EU Directive ITS (Directive 2014/40 / CE of July 6, 2010) with the aim of having a faster, more informed and safer country , More smart. It is no coincidence that we are increasingly talking about smart roads where road safety also goes through new technologies but above all through some regulatory intervention and a strong conscience, which, however, require a close turn.
In view of the deadlines imposed by Community legislation, the eCall system on the public side must, as said, be ready and operational on a national (and European) scale from October 2017 (the automotive side since March 2018). The I_HeERO project, from this point of view, is certainly a formidable opportunity to experiment with a service deployment model, but above all it should be an opportunity to create a more integrated, modern and effectiveautomotive emergency management system . However, much, however, still seems to have to be done on both PASP 1 level activation side (or CUR – Single Response Centers according to the provisions of Article 8, paragraph 1 of Law No 124 of 7 August 2015,
While Community legislation since 2010 with Directive 2010/40 / EC of 6.7.2010 – Intelligent Transport System – has considered “priority action” the harmonized predisposition across the European Union’s eCall service territory and with Regulation EU delegate No 305/2013 and the subsequent EU Regulation No.758 / 2015 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2015 on type-approval requirements for the development of the eCall on-board service-based 112 has also provided for Specifications for Member States’ PSAPs so that they are able to properly receive and manage eCall calls, in our order, beyond the project cost to participate in HeERO projects,There seems to still be a lack of institutional awareness of how the application of IT and communication technologies to transport systems, infrastructure, vehicles and traffic management and mobility in general is one of the strategic intervention areas not only for The communications industry in the broadest sense, for car makers and inductor manufacturers, but throughout the country, bringing increased productivity and competitiveness to the subfund, better services for citizens, both in terms of cost and quality, Accessibility to advanced services, including for digital divide, reduction of fuel consumption and environmental impact, both in terms of CO2 emissions and noise,And especially more security.
Considering that 95% of road accidents are due to human error, it is clear that, as road safety applications, emergency management and emergency management systems, such as eCall (to be counted among the Non-IP based M2M services), but also consider the importance of tracking valuable or hazardous goods and vehicles, as well as the optimal use of road, traffic, and mobility data.